Really MI associated with calcium supplement

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Really MI associated with calcium supplement

Post  Asif ahmad on Fri Dec 31, 2010 6:35 pm

Calcium Supplements Boost Heart-Attack Risk: Meta-Analysis

Fran Lowry

August 12, 2010 (Auckland, New Zealand) — The use of calcium supplements without coadministered vitamin D is associated with an increased risk of MI [1]. The finding, from a meta-analysis encompassing 15 randomized trials and up to 11 921 participants, warrants a reassessment of the role of calcium supplements in the management of osteoporosis, researchers report online July 29, 2010 in BMJ.

Most guidelines for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis recommend the use of calcium supplements, despite the fact that they reduce the risk of fracture only marginally, write Dr Mark J Bolland (University of Auckland, New Zealand) and colleagues.

Studies have yielded conflicting results about their use, with some observational studies suggesting that high calcium intake is protective against vascular disease, and others showing that calcium supplements speed vascular calcification and increase mortality in patients with kidney failure and increase cardiovascular events and MI in women.

Senior author Dr Ian R Reid (University of Auckland) told heartwire that women should discuss the finding from his study with their doctors, but that in most cases, "discontinuation of calcium would seem appropriate."

The researchers had previously found an adverse effect from calcium supplements in a clinical trial, which they published in BMJ in 2008 [2], Reid explained. They repeated electronic database searches in March of this year to consolidate those findings.

Their current meta-analysis looked at randomized trials of calcium supplements that supplied at least 500 mg/day of elemental calcium vs placebo. Each of the trials lasted for at least a year and had at least 100 participants with a mean age of 40 years or older. Cardiovascular outcomes were obtained from self-reports, hospital admissions, and death certificates.

In a combined analysis of the five studies that had contributed patient-level data, the investigators found that calcium supplements were associated with about a 30% increase in the incidence of MI (hazard ratio 1.31; 95% CI 1.02–1.67; p=0.035) and smaller, nonsignificant increases in the risk of stroke and mortality.

The findings were consistent across trials, and the risk of MI with calcium supplements tended to be greater in those with higher dietary calcium intake. The MI risk was independent of age, sex, and type of supplement.

A similar analysis of 11 trials that contributed trial-level data showed a 1.27 relative risk of MI (95% CI 1.01–1.59; p=0.038) associated with calcium supplements.

Asif ahmad

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Re: Really MI associated with calcium supplement

Post  Dr.Hunain(admin) on Sat Jan 01, 2011 8:22 pm

Well Dr.Asif fortunately most good formulations have now included vitamin-D in their preparations like D-Calc and Qalsan D, maybe they took heed to the recommendations of this study..lolz..Anywayz i think our population is too vitamin D and calcium deficient to be subjected to any toxicity or overdosage, the cardiovascular risk must be related to some other mechanism


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Re: Really MI associated with calcium supplement

Post  Dr Hira Tariq on Sun Jan 09, 2011 9:33 am

need more quiz pleeeez! Sleep

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